Industrial productivity, health sector performance and policy synergies for inclusive growth in Tanzania and Kenya
Shortages and the high cost of health-related commodities are persistent causes of exclusionary and poor quality health care in low-income Africa. This project studied the supply chains of essential medicines, medical equipment and supplies from local industries, and imports into the health systems in Tanzania and Kenya.
The research hypothesis was that better integration between industrial and health policies could contribute to higher employment, industrial upgrading, and improved health system performance and accessibility. If this is correct, improved industrial production – higher productivity, more appropriate and cheaper products, and innovative production methods – could improve health service performance while raising economic output: in other words, contribute to inclusive growth.
The project interviewed health facilities, shops and wholesalers in all sectors, in urban and rural contexts, about their procurement practices and problems. Mapping of supply chains was followed by data collection at firm-level. Private sector businesses, health sector managers and policymakers debated the scope for more integrated policymaking.
Health policy as industrial policy: the challenge for inclusive industrialisation in East Africa
Health as a productive sector: integrating health and industrial policy
Impact case study
Local production of pharmaceuticals and health system strengthening in Africa: An Evidence Brief
Making medicines in Africa
Submission to UN High-Level Panel on access to medicines
Making Medicines in Africa: The political economy of industralizing for local health
Making medicines in Africa: an historical political economy overview (book chapter)