Innovations to promote growth among small-scale irrigators in Africa
This project examined the rules and norms governing access to and control over water by smallholder farmers, considering how these are influenced by externally-induced innovations and the effects of climate change.
The research aimed to determine if general principles of water allocation and equity can be identified, and what the scope is for transferring them across contexts. It involved comparative research in Bangladesh, Tanzania and Malawi.
Key questions included:
- What are the ‘local rules’ for governing access to water and what shapes these?
- What is the relationship between ‘local’ rules and ‘outside’ influences such as government, business and NGO initiatives?
- How are the politics of water control changing?
Size isn’t everything: narratives of scale and viability in a Tanzanian irrigation scheme
Successful small-scale irrigation or environmental destruction? The political ecology of competing claims on water in the Uluguru Mountains, Tanzania
Disaggregating orders of water scarcity – The politics of nexus in the Wami-Ruvu River Basin, Tanzania
Small-scale irrigation in Malawi – challenges and opportunities
Differentiated legitimacy, differentiated resilience: beyond the natural in ‘natural disasters’
Innovation in small-scale irrigation: formality, scale and sustainability
Small-scale irrigation in Malawi: challenges and opportunities
The livelihood approach to innovation of small-scale irrigation in Noakhall Char area in Bangladesh