Space, markets and employment in agricultural development from Southern Africa
Agricultural development can only lead to inclusive, sustainable growth if, in addition to productivity gains on the land, it supports non-farm employment. Recent debates indicate that conditions to support non-farm rural employment depend not only on growth in local aggregate demand, but also on the spatial and institutional configuration of the links between farm and non-farm employment, and between near and distant markets.
This project explored the spatial and institutional articulation of markets, human settlements and farm and non-farm livelihoods in marginalised and impoverished regions of Malawi, South Africa and Zimbabwe. A qualitative picture of the flow and distribution of money, resources, risk and opportunities in socio-economic networks, value chains and markets in rural districts was combined with a quantitative analysis of the livelihood outcomes for actors and role players in the network.
The research was undertaken by a consortium of researchers led by the Institute for Poverty, Land and Agrarian Studies at the University of the Western Cape in South Africa.
It’s the land, stupid! Die uberraschende dynamik landlicher raume in Sudlichen Afrika
Irrigating Zimbabwe After Land Reform: The Potential of Farmer-Led Systems
Labour after Land Reform: The Precarious Livelihoods of Former Farmworkers in Zimbabwe
Without the blanket of the land: agrarian change and biopolitics in post–Apartheid South Africa
Informal-sector employment in the rural non-farm economy in South Africa
Medium-scale commercial farms in Africa: the experience of the ‘native purchase areas’ in Zimbabwe
Tobacco, contract farming, and agrarian change in Zimbabwe
Land reform, commercial agriculture and local economic growth in Zimbabwe (also in Shona)